At the end of 2017, Victoria was home to 6.4 million people. This figure is projected to grow to approximately 8 million people in the greater Melbourne area by 2031, and approximately 10.1 million citizens across Victoria by 2051. This population growth is reflected across all Yarra River reaches, with the City of Melbourne experiencing the highest estimated resident population percentage increase of 8.8%, followed by the City of Yarra with 3.3% between 2016 and 2017. Nillumbik Shire Council experienced the lowest estimated resident population percentage increase,: 0.7% between2016 and 2017. It should be noted that there has been resident population increases across all Yarra River reaches between 2016 and 2017. Of the nine LGAs along the Yarra River corridor, the suburban and inner city reaches have the highest population and human density numbers.