The interim Yarra River Protection Planning Controls (Amendment GC48) came into effect in February 2017 because of Yarra MAC’s Recommendation 21 and Yarra River Action Plan Action 10 (both calling for stronger planning controls) and the Yarra protection principles listed in Part 2 of the Yarra River Protection (Wilip-gin Birrarung murron) Act 2017. These controls focus on managing existing development pressures on the inner city (Richmond to Fairfield) and suburban reaches (Ivanhoe to Warrandyte) on an interim basis to address immediate pressures, such as encroachment on the Yarra River and its environs due to urban development. Amendment GC48 introduced new and updated existing planning controls, specifically: Design and Development Overlay (DDO) ‘Yarra River (Birrarung) Protection’ and Significant Landscape Overlay (SLO) ‘Yarra River (Birrarung) Corridor’.