Little penguins

Penguin numbers have been variable at the large Phillip Island colony (32,000 breeding adults) but have improved in recent years. The smaller St Kilda Breakwater colony (1400) has been slowly growing since the first penguins arrived in the 1960s. But increasing visitor pressure and marine debris are issues of concern. There are limited data on the other penguin colonies along the Victorian coast.

St Kilda, Phillip Island, Other Marine and Coastal Areas
Mean number of individuals recorded in standardised counts; mean numbers occupying burrows; number of chicks fledged per breeding female/pair weight in grams